last updated 9/6/2022
The below is a summary of information regarding Monkey Pox. For to learn
more detailed information please visit the SFDPH link
here and CDC link
What is Monkey Pox (MPX)?
Monkey pox is an illness caused by a virus that is related to the smallpox virus.
What are the symptoms of monkey pox (MPX)?
Symptoms of monkeypox may include any of the following combinations:
Rash, spots or sores are the most common symptom. Sores or spots can look
like pimples or blisters on the skin anywhere on the body, especially
in the genital area. Spots can also be inside the rectum or butt, on fingers,
or in the mouth or eyes. But spots do not need to be in the genital area.
- Spots often start out as red, flat spots and then become bumps. The bumps
become filled with fluid (pus), which breaks and then crusts over into
- The majority of persons also have flu like symptoms which can include any
of the following fever, headache, muscle aches, backache, swollen lymph
nodes, general feeling of discomfort, feeling tired
- Some persons may never get a rash. They can have a fever or other symptoms
or only a rash. Some persons only get one or two or three spots while
others get spots all over their body.
- Symptoms last 2-4 weeks
- Anyone with symptoms should see a medical provider and get tested!
How does monkeypox spread?
Per the CDC, monkeypox can spread to anyone through close, personal, often
skin-to-skin contact, including:
- Direct contact with monkeypox rash, scabs, or body fluids from a person
with monkeypox, including intimate contact during sex, hugging or kissing
or prolonged face to face contact
- Touching objects, fabrics (clothing, bedding, or towels), and surfaces
that have been used by someone with monkeypox.
- Contact with respiratory secretions.
What if I think I have monkey pox symptoms?
Staying safe is very important in order to prevent severe illness and also
prevent the spread of monkey pox. If you think you are at risk, you can
help protect yourself by:
- Stay aware and up to date on the topic
- Cover exposed skin while in crowded areas
- avoid sharing bedding or clothes
- talk to your intimate partners and close contacts
If you develop symptoms:
- Talk to a healthcare provider as soon as possible; do not delay in getting tested
- Cover the area of the rash with clean, dry, loose-fitting clothing
- Wear a well-fitting mask
- Avoid skin-to-skin, or close contact with others
- Stay away from other people
- Let sex partners know about any symptoms you are having
- Treatment is available: Talk with your medical provider about treatment
options, including PEP. The CDC recommends persons get vaccinated within
4 days of exposure. Receiving a vaccine up to 14 days can still provide
some benefit as receiving a vaccine can reduce severity and symptoms.
Note that SFDPH requests all persons with symptoms to get tested prior
to vaccination, so this is why seeing a medical provider is essential.
See SFDPH options for clinics that are testing here (HYPERLINK)
Why is the vaccine recommended?
Jynneos is effective in preventing illness prior to exposure.
If I was recently diagnosed with monkeypox can I get a vaccine?
- Per CDC persons who have had monkeypox diagnosed since May 2022 are not
recommended for vaccination, and those who have received a first dose
of Jynneos are not recommended to receive a second dose. Current CDC recommendation
is that having monkeypox infection likely confers immune protection. If
you are showing symptoms of monkey pox, please contact a healthcare provider
immediately as you may need treatment.
Who should get vaccinated for monkey pox?
Vaccine supply continues to remain limited but over time is easing. The
goal is for everyone who wants a monkey pox vaccine to receive one. Please
refer to the SFDPH guidelines
here for most recent eligibility guidelines.
2nd doses are permitted for persons who have received a 1st dose
2nd doses are to be given at least 28 days following the 1st dose